KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease in Dialysis Patients

Acronyms and abbreviations

ABPM ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
ACC American College of Cardiology
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
ACS acute coronary syndromes
ADA American Diabetes Association
AEDs automatic external defibrillators
AGEs advanced glycation end-products
AHA American Heart Association
AI adequate intake
ALE advanced lipoxidation end products
AMDRs Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges
AOPP advanced oxidation protein products
apo(a) apolipoprotein(a)
ApoE Apolipoprotein E
ARBs angiotensin-receptor blockers
ASA acetylsalicylic acid
ASCVD atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
BDI Beck Depression Inventory
BIA bioimpedance
BMI body mass index
CAB coronary artery bypass
CAD coronary artery disease
CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CBS cystathionine synthase
CBV central blood volume
CBVD cerebrovascular disease
CCB calcium-channel blockers
CHF congestive heart failure
CKD chronic kidney disease
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
CRP C-reactive protein
CT cardiothoracic
CVD cardiovascular disease
DCCT Diabetes Control and Complications Trial
DEXA dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
DHA docosahexenoic acid
EBCT electron-beam computerized tomography
ECG electrocardiogram
EMS Emergency Medical Services
EPA eicosapentaenoic acid
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
GI gastrointestinal
GnRH gonadotropin-releasing hormone
HD hemodialysis
HGS handgrip strength
HHCY hyperhomocysteinemia
HRT hormone replacement therapy
hs-CRP high-sensitive C-reactive protein
IDH intradialytic hypotension
IHD ischemic heart disease
IL-6 interleukin-6
IOM Institute of Medicine
IVC inferior vena cava
JNC Joint National Committee for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure
LDLs low-density lipoproteins
LH leutinizing hormone
Lp(a) lipoprotein(a)
LNA alpha-linolenic acid
LV left ventricular
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MAP mean arterial pressure
MDA malondialdehyde
MI myocardial infarction
MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MPO myeloperoxidase
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS methionine synthase
MTHFR 5,10-methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase
nPCR normalized protein catabolic rate
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PD peritoneal dialysis
PEM protein-energy malnutrition
PP pulse pressure
PTH parathyroid hormone
PUFAs polyunsaturated fatty acid
PVD peripheral vascular disease
PVR peripheral vascular resistance
PWV pulse wave velocity
RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance
rhEPO recombinant human erythropoietin
RRT renal replacement therapy
SCD sudden cardiac death
SGA subjective global assessment
STAI State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
STAXI State-Trait Anger Expression Scale
SVAs supraventricular arrhythmias
TIA transient ischemic attack
UKPDS United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study
USRDS United States Renal Data System
VF ventricular fibrillation
VHD valvular heart disease
VT ventricular tachycardia
WHI Women’s Health Initative

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